口语考试分为三个部分，part1是基础项 part2是决定项 part3是提高项
①P1 (introductionand interview)
其次呢，就是要学会语义指示，也就是要学会用一些表达方法，包括词、词组、句式，来暗示自己的思路，告诉别人你下一步要说什么。这类表达方法包括表示比较对比的similarly, in contrast；表示回应他人观点的I agree/disagree with this point；表示举例的for example, a good case in point is that…等等。
在这部分，非常重要的一个能力就是要能够详尽地论述你的观点（build on your point of view）。尤其是在回答part2的时候，很多同学在表述了自己的基本观点后会发生脑子“短路”的现象，完全不知道接下来该说什么，从而出现大量的空白时间，还怎么可能显得流利连贯呢？针对这种现象，大家可以记住几个常见的论述套路，到时候就不怕无话可说啦：
原因与结果（reasons and effects）
个人经历 (personal experiences)
S: 代表的是Supporting Ideas
S：支持观点，在这里要注意，我相信很多同学都会用观点来支持自己，但太过于白话文，大部分用例子来支撑，部分考生喜欢用For example，First ,
secondly, last but not the least来讲分论点，但这样给考官的感觉是在背作文，而不是真正的口语。在S这的观点一般是需要比较正式点的语言，每讲的一句话最好不少于5个单词以下，但最好不超过5句话。过渡词用什么好呢?最好用well , also , actually ,as a matter of fact , you know 等等词。
1.Describe a sport you are good at: Tennis
I would like to talk about tennis, which is my best love among all the popular sports. Tennis is popular all over the world, especially loved by teenagers. There is a comic book named, Prince of Tennis, illustrated by a Japanese artist. The spread of this book made tennis more popular.
The spirit of tennis is practice makes perfect, and we should never give up. When I was in sixth grade, I began to learn how to play tennis because I was a fan of the comic book. When I play tennis, I will devote myself to it. I have entered for many tennis competitions. I like winning so the procedure seems exciting. At that time, I was not good at sports. But after playing tennis, my PE grades became the best in my class.
Because of tennis, I learned that I should never give up when I face difficulties. I still have lots more to work on. Tennis is my favorite outdoor sport.
I recently watched a movie called Starstruck, which was a Disney movie, talking about how a famous pop star, Christopher, fell in love with an ordinary girl, Jessica. The movie was filmed in Los Angeles and was on in February 2010, not too old.
I chose it because of the ranking, but when I actually watched it, I realized that it was a teen’s movie. However, I didn’t regret watching it because I think I learned something from the movie. It is interesting because it sees celebrity life from another angle and tells us that we are blessed to be common people because there is more freedom for us to enjoy. In the film, it shows us how hard it might be when a person can’t make his own choices and decisions. At that point, material wealth will not matter to them because they can’t live their life the way they really want to.
It helped me to reflect on my own life. Now I see I should just enjoy my life because everyone has the right to enjoy his or her life no matter who he or she is.
3. A traditional story :Chang’e and Houyi
Chang'e is the Chinese goddess of the moon. The lunar exploration-orbiting spacecraft Chang'e 1 is named after her.
According to legend, Chang'e and her husband Houyi were immortals living in heaven. One day, the ten sons of the Jade Emperor transformed into ten suns, causing the earth to scorch. Having failed to order his sons to stop ruining the earth, the Jade Emperor summoned Houyi for help. Houyi, using his legendary archery skills, shot down nine of the sons, but spared one son to be the sun. The Jade Emperor was obviously not pleased with Houyi's solution to save the earth: nine of his sons were dead. As punishment, the Jade Emperor banished Houyi and Chang'e to live as mere mortals on earth.
Seeing that Chang'e felt extremely miserable over her loss of immortality, Houyi decided to journey on a long, perilous quest to find the pill of immortality so that the couple could be immortals again. At the end of his quest he met the Queen Mother of the West who agreed to give him the pill, but warned him that each person would only need half the pill tobecome immortal.
Houyi brought the pill home and stored it in a case. He warned Chang'e not to open the case and then left home for a while. Chang'e became too curious: she opened up the case and found the pill just as Houyi was returning home. She either accidentally or purposely swallowed the pill. She started to float into the sky because of the overdose. Chang'e kept on floating until she landed on the moon.
While she became lonely on the moon without her husband, she did have company，a jade rabbit.
4. A favorite subject
I think the most interesting subject in my high school is geography. I have a dream to travel around the world since I was a child. At that time, I would always wonder where exactly some famous cities were on the map, such as London, New York, so I am really interested in geography.
I had a great geography teacher in my high school.
She was knowledgeable, hard-working and devoted to the students. I always felt very excited when I had geography classes because I couldn’t wait to learn more about the world. Besides that, I also liked reading atlas and other books about geography during my spare time. I would always have good marks/grades on geography throughout my high school years.
When I talk about geography with my classmates or even parents, I can always impress them with my knowledge. I still like geography and hope I can travel around the world in the future.
5. sports :Jogging
Nowadays many people spend too much time indoors working or studying, but outdoor activities are very important for us to keep healthy. I like many outdoor activities, especially jogging.
I often jog in the park near my home on sunny days. I can listen to music and breathe the fresh air while I jog so I can feel really relaxed. When I jog in the park, I can also see the green trees and beautiful flowers. I can feel close to the nature. It’s also a good time for me to think important things in life. I feel it’s an important part of my daily life. Sometimes, I would ask my friends or parents to join me. It’s also a good time to communicate with others. It’s a simple activity; you only need a pair of good sneakers. It’s also suitable for many people, from children to old people. They can enjoy this activity.
I think everybody should do some outdoor activities because it’s a great way to help us get close to the nature. It’s not only good for our physical fitness but also good for our mental health.
6. A Toy
I want to describe a toy in my childhood. Actually, it was not a girly toy. It is a model car.
When I was a kid, I acted like a boy and I was very interested in car models and guns. But my mother didn’t know that and she bought many dolls for me. To tell you the truth, my father found that I liked model cars, so he bought me one as a little present.
It’s as big as a book and the color was very bright, it was red. I think the car was cool and I liked it very much. I would always take it out and study it. I figured out many functions of the car. I felt it was amazing that people could invent this tool for transportation.
Since it was the gift that my father gave me, I kept it very carefully. Even now, it still looks like a brand new car. I think it’s very meaningful for a kid to own something that they like.
7. A practical skill
I’d like to describe a skill I learned, which is to edit songs on computer by using the software, called cool edit.
I love singing, so a skill to edit songs is very practical and important for me. I first heard about it when I was eleven years old. When I was surfing the internet, a net friend told me about this software. I began to learn how to use at once by watching many online classes about it. Soon I can record my voice on the computer and after a lot of practice; I can edit many audio files perfectly. For example, I sang a song named “take me away”, after being edited, it sounds just like the original singer’s singing. It is amazing, because I can even change a girl’s voice into a boy’s voice.
I like to play with it in my spare time, so my skill has improved a lot. When I told my friends about it, all of them were really impressed.
8. A piece of equipment----airconditioner
I’d like to talk about a piece of advanced equipment in my home, an air conditioner. My parents bought it in a department store when I was sixteen years old to replace the old one.
I think it is interesting to use this equipment, just like magic. Because when we use it, it can change hot air to cold air. When we are cold, we also get warm by using it. I can’t imagine what our life will be if we don’t have it.
Of course we don’t use it all the time. Because when in spring or autumn, the weather is very comfortable, it isn’t necessary to use it. If we use it all the time, it is not environmental friendly. Also, it is not good for our health if we stay in an air-conditioned room for a long time. When I feel very hot or cold outside, I will miss my air conditioner.
9.A person who speaks a foreign language
I’d like to describe a foreign teacher of mine, Bob. He is tall and strong, with strong muscles. He is a typical American—confident and humorous. He is a very attractive man.
A lot of my classmates liked his class very much. I also chose his course in the second year of my university. At first, I didn’t feel there was anything special about him. Later, I found that he really had the ability to make his class interesting because he was so funny and good at telling jokes. He was also creative. He had so many new ways for us to practice our English.
After class, I like talking with him in both Chinese and English because he also learned some Chinese. Through communicating with him, I learned a lot about western culture.
I need to thank him. Because of him, I feel that English is actually a fun subject to learn. My interest in English grew and now I’m still interested in learning language.
10. A family but not yours
I’d like to talk about my uncle’s family. I think the life style in this family is very different from mine because as a big family, they can do many things together. It’s very different from my family; they have three children, two boys and one girl.
This is big family is always very lively. I’m the only child, so sometimes I feel lonely. But in this family, you will always hear the laughter and everyone will be influenced by their cheerfulness. They always do some outdoor activities. For example, they would have picnic on weekends and go mountain climbing at the nearby places. They sometimes go far away places for long trips. I admire them because when I look at their pictures, I could see how happy they are.
Usually I think it’s a good thing to be the only child because I could have my parents’ full attention. However, sometimes, when I look at their family, I will feel it might be even better if I have brothers and sisters.
11. A friend you admire
I want to talk about one of my playmates in my childhood. Her name is Su. She’s very beautiful. She had long black hair and big eyes. She looked like a Barbie doll.
However her personality was very different from her appearance. I like her because of her strong personality and her kindness to others. She never cried even when she hurt her knees badly and would always help and comfort others just like a big sister.
I always knew she’s a strong girl, but later I realized that she’s stronger than I thought. When we were in primary school, one day, my teacher asked her out and told her that her father died in a car accident. She came back to our classroom to get her school bag without crying. When I went to her home to ensure she was ok, I saw her comforting her mother. She was like an adult, still without crying.
Later she went to Canada and we haven’t seen each other for about five years. I can still her beautiful appearance and her strong personality. When I feel discouraged, I will always remember her and I can become strong because of her influence.
12. A successful foreign person
There are many successful people in the world. Since I’m a football fan, I’d like to talk about David Beckham, a successful football player. A lot of people know him not because he’s an excellent football player but because of his good looking. Especially a lot of women, they regard him as a big sport star. But that’s not the reason I admire him. I think he’s a successful man because he works hard and never gives up.
As a young player, he was blamed for his mistake that caused the failure of his national team in the 1998 world cup. A lot of people laughed at him, but he was not defeated and tried harder than before. In 2001, his score helped his national team to win the game against Greece, which enabled them to enter world cup in the next year. He became a national hero overnight.
I learned a lot from him. Sometimes, we might fail once or several times but it doesn’t mean we will never succeed. It’s always good to keep trying. I believe hard work will eventually make a big difference.
13.a quiz show: One Versus One Hundred
I only watch TV occasionally, but there are still many TV programs that I like. I recently watched a program called 1 versus 100, which is a quiz show presented on Hunan TV channel.
We can easily tell the nature of the program by hearing the name. There will be one challenger versus one hundred opponents at each show. Both the one and the one hundred will be given the same multiple-choice questions. One question is asked at a time, and the one hundred answer first, then it will be the one’s turn. Since the one is alone, during the show he/she is allowed to ask for help three times, including making a phone call, following the majority, or asking the presenter to eliminate one wrong answer.
Each time, some of the one hundred will be eliminated if they get the answer wrong. In the end, if the one answers all the questions correctly, the one will win the game and get a big amount of money as the prize. However, if the one fails, the money will be divided by the remaining opponents. Maybe because of the big prize or the competitive atmosphere, the participants are always very excited.
The reason I like it is that this quiz show asks some simple questions that we are supposed to know but a lot of people actually have never thought about them. For example, one question asked was about the picture on the back of a 50 yuan RMB, but the majority of the one hundred got this simple question wrong. I have seen several shows, but I have never seen the one answered all the questions correctly. I began to wonder that maybe I could enter for the show, too, because I actually knew the answers of a lot of their questions. I think it will be fun if I can try.
I want to tell you an advertisement about a health product called Naobaijin. It’s such a famous advertisement that almost everybody in China can recite the lines of the advertisement.
The advertisement is very simple. An old couple tell us that they don’t need any gift for the spring festival but naobaijin. It has been showed on TV year after year, especially during the Spring Festival. In China, young people are supposed to buy presents for the older generation during Chinese New Year, but they usually don’t have many good choices except cigarette and wine. These are not good for their health. Because Naobaijin is a very healthy gift for older people, so it becomes popular. You would see it everywhere from newspapers to internet.
A lot of people might feel tired of it, but I think it is a successful advertisement although it is not creative. It’s simple to remember so everybody knows this product now. It has drawn our attentions successfully and brought fortune to the manufacturer.
I’d like to talk about a hotpot restaurant, called super hot, in my hometown. I like hotpot very much. My friend told me about the restaurant, so I went there with my sister.
The food there is very delicious. After eating there many times, I recommended it to my friends and most of them liked it too. I think the manager is very creative. Since the business is very good, sometimes customers have to wait for the tables. The manager make this waiting time more rewarding. When the costumers have to wait for more than five minutes, they can have three plates of vegetables for free. Sometimes we feel happy if we have to wait, which is very different from the experiences in other restaurants. If you eat there, you can enjoy your drinks for a low price and you get your refills for free. I think it is very economic.
It became a very famous restaurant in my city. Now a lot of chain restaurants opened in my hometown. I think the business of this restaurant will be even better. Maybe soon, we will be able to find it in hangzhou.
16. Describe a modern building
Well, everyday there are new buildings being constructed. No matter in what styles they are built, as long as they are using the modern techniques and modern materials, they are modern buildings. Here, I’d like to talk about the Hangzhou grand theater, a very special modern building. Made of steel and galss, golden in color, it looks like a sun resting on the earth.
Designed by internationally known Canadian architect, Hangzhou Grand Theatre covers 100,000 square meters with a total construction area of 55,000 square meters. It consists of an opera house, a concert hall, a multifunction hall, an open air stage and a culture square.
The silky titanium roof symbolizes the pearl; the slant surface made of the double curved glass curtain wall represents the moon; a pool of over 6000 square meters in front of Hangzhou Grand Theatre stands for the beautiful West Lake.
Located in the center of the building and looking like a U shape, the Opera House has altogether 1600 seats with red color as its basic tune. Designed as a classical shoe box, the concert hall has totally 600 seats with blue color as its basic tune. Breaking through the traditional mode, with 400 seats, lifts and chairs that can be turned up and down, the Multifunction Hall can achieve the flexibility of space arrangement according to specific requirements.
With the performing stage surrounded by the seats, and the whole stage surrounded by a water-pool with a total accommodation of 1000 people, the Open Air Stage imitated ancient Roman classical style of architecture.
Hangzhou grand theater is really a modern building, and a very special one.
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