美国研究生文书写作指导:外教总结的8条提示

WordSunny 2017-12-08  09:34:38 1066 分享

美国研究生文书写作指导。申请美国研究生,面对文书的写作同学们是不是非常迷茫?今天,为大家整理了外教总结的8条文书写作提示,希望能够对大家有所帮助。

  1. 美国研究生文书写作指导:恰当地引用能够大大增强文章的可信度

  Well-chosen quotations can add powerful credibility to your essay. All you need to do is decide what the key concept of your essay is (such as strength, honor, or patience) and then use the internet to find quotations that use any of these key words. The best quotations come from persons who are well-known to both Chinese and American readers, and they must be admirable persons. (Past American and Chinese presidents are good examples.) The quote should be short, about one powerful sentence in length. Including a striking quotation in your essay is particularly persuasive if you are applying to a humanities program or want to be an English major, as it demonstrates the breadth of your reading.

  恰当的引用能够大大增强文章的可信度。而你需要做的就是选定你的文章所要表达的关键点,(比如说个人特长,获得的荣誉,或者是参加的实践活动等等),然后再根据这些关键词在网上搜索有关这方面的引文。最好的引文是出自那些在中国和美国读者中都比较有名并且令人敬佩的人。(前任美国总统,中国主席这些都是比较好的例子。)引文最好简短有力,大概一句那么长。如果你想要申请人文学科项目或者是想要学英语专业,那么这样漂亮的引文会使文章非常有说服力的,因为这样的引用可以证明你阅读广泛。

  2. 美国研究生文书写作指导:突出自己的个性

  Your purpose in writing your essay is to come across as a unique individual, one who stands out from all the other applicants and one whose writing style is lively, fresh, and different. For essays, the personal details of your life and the struggles you have had to overcome will make good stories. Good stories are memorable. You don’t have to be a perfect person; indeed, it may be that any “flaws” you have will convince the reader that you are a multi-faceted person who learns from your mistakes. These flaws don’t have to be terrible: You can describe the time that you made complete a fool of yourself before your friends. (Americans call this the “My most embarrassing moment” essay.) Then tell the reader what you learned from this experience.

  你的写作目的是为了突出你是一个独特的个体,一个在众多申请者中脱颖而出的人,而你的写作风格也应是生动活泼,新颖清新,与众不同的。对于文书写作来说,你的个人的生活经历以及奋斗历程都会成为比较好的故事素材。好的故事一定是令人印象深刻的。当然你不必是一个非常完美的人,相反恰恰是这些缺点会使读者相信你是多面的,你是能够从错误中吸取教训的。这些缺点不必是一些特别严重的:你可以描述你在朋友面前出糗的一次经历(美国称这类的文章为“我最尴尬时刻”类文章)。然后再告诉读者你从这次经历中学到了什么。

  3. 美国研究生文书写作指导:尽可能使你的文章具体一些

  Always try to make your writing as “concrete” as possible, meaning that you provide specific examples (or stories) to support your main points. Instead of just writing, for example, “I spent two months doing chemistry research,” describe the nature of that research, what process you used, and what it taught you. Depth is more important than breadth. The reader will be more impressed by specific details about ONE of your experiences then a list of twenty experiences. (Save the list of experiences for your resume.)

  尽可能使你的文章具体一些,这就意味着你要提供一些具体的事例或故事来支撑你的主要观点。例如,不要只是写“我做过两个月的化学研究”,而是应该详细地描述一下这次研究的性质,采用的方法,以及你收获了什么。文章的深度比广度更重要。比起罗列一堆你的个人经历,你的某一次经历中的一些细节更能打动读者(你可以把这些经历用在简历上)。

  4. 美国研究生文书写作指导:陈述你的宗教信仰也是完全可以的

  It is perfectly all right to describe your particular religion in an undergraduate essay. Readers in the US come from many different religious backgrounds and the admission officers will most likely be broad-minded and tolerant. The main thing is not to try and “convert” the reader—you simply want to show how being a Buddhist (or a Catholic, or a Christian, or whatever) has had a profound impact on your life.

  本科文书中陈述你的宗教信仰也是完全可以的。美国读者大都来自不同的宗教背景并且学校招生人员也都是心胸比较宽广的人。但不必试图改变读者的宗教信仰,你只需说明作为一名佛教徒(或者是天主教徒、基督徒等等)给你带来了怎样重大的影响。

  5.  美国研究生文书写作指导:RL写作要点

  A reference letter (or letter of recommendation) should be no longer than one page. The basic format for the first paragraph is to state how long you have known the student and what general attributes this student exhibits (knowledgeable, dedicated, persistent, etc.) that make you honored/delighted/proud to recommend him or her. Each body paragraph should describe in detail each of the general attributes you mentioned in the first paragraph. The last paragraph then simply concludes with something like, “I believe that student so-and-so will be an asset to your esteemed institution and thus I give her my highest recommendation. If you have any questions, please contact me.”

  一封推荐信最好不要超过一页。第一段的基本格式是陈述一下你和学生认识多久了,他身上大体是哪些品质(是知识渊博,还是专注投入,还是坚持不懈等这些)使你对于能够推荐他深感骄傲自豪。接下来的每一段就要详细地陈述你第一段中提到的他的那些品质了。最后一段就可以简单地总结一下,你可以这样说,“基于学生的这些表现我相信该学生一定会为贵学校做出贡献,这也是我极力推荐他的原因。如果您有什么问题请及时联系我。”

  6. 美国研究生文书写作指导:避免在推荐信中提到申请者的外貌

  Avoid describing any of the student’s physical attributes. Readers in the US become very uncomfortable when they read that the applicant is “a lovely young girl” or a “strong handsome boy. (Admission officers are not allowed to evaluate you based on what you look like.)

  避免在推荐信中描述任何有关申请者的身体特征。如果美国的读者读到说申请者是一个“年轻漂亮的女孩”,或者是一个“相貌英俊,身体强壮的男孩”时,他们会感到很不舒服。(学校那边也是不允许招生办人员根据长相来评估一个学生的。)

  7. 美国研究生文书写作指导:推荐信中不要含有负面信息

  Do not include negative information in a letter of recommendation. Describe only the applicant’s successes, not failures.

  推荐信中不要包含一些负面信息。只需描述他们的成功,而非那些失败。

  8. 美国研究生文书写作指导:CV写作要点(干净简单)

  Resumes need to be very clean, clear, simple, and elegant. Do not include fancy fonts or distracting wing dings for bullets. Be sure that your main headings stand out from the text by putting them in bold, or italics, or a larger font size. You want whoever reads your resume to be impressed by your achievements and accomplishments, not by your graphic design abilities.

  简历要干净简单,清晰明了,行文优美。不要出现一些花哨的字体或分散人注意力的字体。你可以通过加粗,倾斜,或者放大字体的方式,确保你的大标题和你的正文区别开来。因为你想要给读者留下深刻印象的是你取得的成就和成果,而非你的图文设计能力。

文章来源于网络

「WordSunny」是国内领先的互联网留学申请平台。首创半diy申请模式,从规划定位,到文书策略、作品集指导、申请、套磁等, 无论IVY学霸或500强大咖,你都能找到同专业顶尖申请导师。行家指路,少走弯路

分享到     

上一篇:需要远离的商科硕士文书写作陷阱

下一篇:美国研究生申请文书写作原则

1.WordSunny遵循行业规范,任何转载的稿件都会明确标注作者和来源;

2.WordSunny的原创文章 ,请转载时务必注明文章作者和来源: "WordSunny", 不尊重原创的行为WordSunny或将追究责任;

3.作者投稿可能会经WordSunny编辑修改或补充。如有内容、版权等问题请在30日内与本网联系。邮件:2396438797@qq.com

Online Time

客服7*8H在线

咨询热线:029-87594628

wordsunny

选校定位